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Travellers' Tales from China

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[ 2008-03-20 07:19:38 ] - lizc


Travellers' Tales - China

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation.

After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people.

After 1978, his successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight.

China has a population of approximately 1.3 billion and covers an area of some 9.5 million km. sq., having borders with probably more countries than anywhere else in the world. (Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia (northeast), Russia (northwest), Tajikistan and Vietnam as well as regional borders with Hong Kong and Macau.

Tourist attractions include the Great Wall of China and the Terracotta Warriors as well as much more of cultural, historical a artistic interest.

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